Iatrogenic Contact Dermatitis in a Patient with Atopic Dermatitis

The relationship between atopic and allergic contact dermatitis is often discussed, especially in children. The damaged skin barrier in atopic patients can make the skin more permeable to exogenous agents and increase the risk of triggering contact dermatitis. Topical treatment of atopic dermatitis is associated with skin sensitization to several drugs, including antiseptics, emollients, and topical corticosteroids. The early onset of atopic dermatitis, as in the case reported here, the severity of the disease, and IgE-mediated sensitization are identified as the main risk factors associated with sensitization to topical treatments for atopic dermatitis. We report a two-year-old child with a previous diagnosis of atopic dermatitis, whose condition was aggravated by inadequate medical treatment.