Prevalence and Antimicrobial Resistance of Bloodstream Infections Caused by ESKAPEEc Pathogens: A Five-Year Analysis

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Background: Antimicrobial resistance in ESKAPEEc (Enterococcus faecium, Staphylococcus aureus, Klebsiella pneumoniae, Acinetobacter baumannii, Pseudomonas aeruginosa, Enterobacter species, and Escherichia coli) pathogens causing bloodstream infections is a growing threat to clinicians and public health. Objectives: Our purpose was to determine the prevalence and susceptibility of ESKAPEEcs causing bloodstream infection over five years (2016 to 2020) at a large tertiary hospital in Istanbul, Turkey. Methods: Of 2591 unique isolates obtained from blood culture specimens, 1.281 (49.4%) were positive for ESKAPEEc pathogens. The ESKAPEEc rates increased from 2016 to 2019 and decreased during the COVID-19 pandemic. Results: The most common pathogen was K. pneumoniae (34.3%). Carbapenem resistant K. pneumoniae was 61.8% and A. baumannii was 90.4%. The percentages of methicillin-resistant S. aureus and vancomycin-resistant E. faecium were 38.6% and 29.4%, respectively. Conclusions: Our findings showed a high incidence of ESKAPEEc and antimicrobial resistance in bloodstream infections. Antibiotic policies and restrictions in health care settings and the community will play an essential role in the solution in the future.