Educational Research in Medical Sciences

In Collaboration with Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences


Educational Research in Medical Sciences journal aims to publish articles in the field of medical education to improve the quality of medical education for the medical community. The scope of this journal includes: Clinical Decision-Making, Clinical Performance Examination, Communication Skills, Comparative Studies in Medical Education, Continuing Professional Development, Curriculum Planning and Development, E-learning, Educational Management, Educational Technologies, Emerging Trends and Innovative Models Linking Education, Ethics in Medicine, Evaluation and Assessment, Evidence-Based Medical Education, History of Medical Education, Medical Education and Leadership, Medical Education Based on the Society's Needs, Teaching and Learning Methods and Theories, Organizational Performance Assessment, Accreditation


Recent Submissions

Now showing 1 - 20 of 227
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    Roles of Family Functioning and Cognitive Failure in Predicting High-risk Behaviors Among Students with a History of Learning Disability
    (Brieflands, 2023-12-31) Neda Shooshtari; Rezvan Homaei; Fariba Hafezi
    Background: Students with learning disabilities may face challenges associated with their condition, which could contribute to engaging in risky behaviors. Objectives: This study aimed to investigate the effects of family functioning and cognitive failure in predicting high-risk behaviors among students with a history of learning disabilities. Methods: The statistical population of this descriptive-correlational study included all high school students with a history of learning disabilities in Ahvaz, Iran, in 2023. Convenience sampling with informed consent was employed to select 158 high school students with a history of learning disabilities as the research sample. Data were collected using the High-Risk Behavior Scale, Family Functioning Questionnaire, and Cognitive Failure Questionnaire. Pearson’s correlation coefficient and stepwise regression were used for data analysis. Results: The results indicated a significant negative relationship between family functioning and high-risk behaviors (r = -0.41, P < 0.001). Conversely, there was a significant positive relationship between cognitive failure and high-risk behaviors (r = 0.49, P < 0.001). Family functioning and cognitive failure together predicted 29.4% of the variance in students' high-risk behaviors. Conclusions: These findings suggest that family functioning and cognitive abilities are important factors to consider in understanding high-risk behaviors. Further research using longitudinal or experimental designs is needed to explore the causal relationships between these variables.
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    The State of Moral Intelligence of Medical Students of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2022
    (Brieflands, 2023-12-31) Mohammad Mehdi Khazaei; Reza Shamoradiy; Elham Niromand; Mohammad Rasool Khazaei
    Background: Recently, new dimensions have been recognized in the field of intelligence. One of the most important of these is moral intelligence, which has not been extensively addressed in Iran. Objectives: Moral intelligence represents the mental capacity of individuals to relate universal human principles to their values, goals, and actions. It guides all other types of human intelligence towards performing valuable work. Methods: The current descriptive cross-sectional study involved a statistical population of medical students, with a sample size of 248 people selected through random and available sampling methods. To collect data, the standard moral intelligence questionnaire by Lennik, Keel, and Jordan was used. The data collected was analyzed using SPSS-21 software, employing both descriptive and inferential statistics, including Spearman's correlation coefficient. Results: The total score of students' moral intelligence was 76.29 ± 9.80, which is evaluated as good. The area of honesty had the highest score (81.2), while the area of empathy had the lowest score (70.3). Among the indexes, keeping promises scored the highest (93.6), and admitting mistakes and omissions scored the lowest (70.5). Scores were higher among women and married individuals, and moral intelligence scores increased with advancing academic semesters. However, there were no significant differences overall, except that the empathy field had a significant relationship with age (P = 0.031), and gender had a significant relationship with the overall score of moral intelligence (P = 0.041). Conclusions: According to the total moral intelligence score of the students, which was 76.29 ± 9.80, it was determined that the moral intelligence status among the medical students of Kermanshah Medical School is in good condition.
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    Investigating the Role of e-Learning Skills in the Satisfaction and Academic Success of Medical Students During the COVID-19 Pandemic
    (Brieflands, 2023-12-31) Abdolreza Gilavand; Fatemeh Shirali; Nasrin Khajeali
    Background: E-learning was considered an appropriate alternative to face-to-face education during the COVID-19 pandemic. It ensured the continuity of learning and protected students against the risk of virus transmission in the university environment. Objectives: The present study investigates the role of e-learning skills in the academic success and satisfaction of medical students during the COVID-19 pandemic. Methods: The statistical population of the present study included all medical students at Ahvaz Jundishapur University of Medical Sciences in southwest Iran in 2021. Ultimately, 260 people participated in the study. To collect data, two researcher-made questionnaires were used: One for assessing e-learning skills and another for measuring students' academic satisfaction. Additionally, the GPA from their previous three semesters was used to measure the level of academic success. Results: The results revealed that e-learning skills (mean ± SD = 3.79 ± 0.68), academic satisfaction (mean ± SD = 3.88 ± 0.65), and student's academic success (mean ± SD = 15.8 ± 1.62) were above the average. Also, a positive and significant correlation was found between the e-learning skills of students and their level of academic success and satisfaction. Conclusions: According to the results, there was relative satisfaction with e-learning compared to traditional teaching techniques. Having e-learning skills also increased satisfaction and, thus, improved the academic success of students. In other words, this learning method helped students improve their academic performance as well as their clinical and communication skills.
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    The Effect of Task-based Teaching via Drawing the Concept Map of Metabolic Pathways as Homework on the Academic Achievement of Pharmaceutical Students in Biochemistry Course
    (Brieflands, 2013-08-20) Gholamabbas Dinarvand; Asad Vaisi-Raygani
    Task-based learning is a teaching method that focuses on meaningful learning through completely student-centered homework assignment. The present study investigated the effects of task-based teaching through drawing the concept map as homework on the academic achievement and easier and more effective learning of metabolic pathways of biochemistry course in pharmaceutical students. Having examined the homework assignments done by the experimental group and having given the exam, the scores of both groups were analyzed by independent t-test using SPSS 16 software. The female students in control and experimental groups consisted of 46.67% and 51.11%, respectively. The mean score of experimental group (11.76±2.45) was significantly higher (p
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    A Need to Revise and Modify the Curricula of the Postgraduate Programs of Basic Medical Sciences, Iran
    (Brieflands, 2014-12-28) Mozafar Khazaei
    The full text of this article is available on PDF.
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    Consultation Needs Assessment in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences: Viewpoints of Medical Students
    (Brieflands, 2017-01-28) Cyrus Jalili; Farzad Jalilian; Maryam Molseghi; Mehdi Mirzaei Alavijeh; Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh
    : Introduction: Consultation can play an effective role in accommodating students to conditions and can be followed by academic achievement. This study was aimed to determine the consultation needs assessment among medical students in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS).
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    Correlation Between the E-learning Attitude and Academic Achievement of Medical Students in Clinical Levels
    (Brieflands, 2021-12-31) Saeideh Daryazadeh; Maryam Yavari; Seyed-Ramin Madani; Abbas Taghavi-Ardakani; Mohammad Javad Azadchahr; Farshad Shayeghi
    Background: E-learning is an essential application of information and communication technology, which is emphasized in facilitating teaching-learning activities and the use of online resources. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the correlation between e-learning attitudes and academic achievement in medical students. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 154 residents, interns, and clerkships at Shahid Beheshti Hospital in Kashan, Iran in 2020. Data were collected using two standard questionnaires, and the students' grade point average (GPA) was considered as their academic achievement. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 26 using descriptive statistics (frequency tables) and inferential statistics (independent t-test, ANOVA, and correlation-coefficient) at the significance level of P ≤ 0.05. Results: The students’ attitude toward e-learning was considered favorable with the score estimated at 77.5. However, the students’ attitude toward e-learning had no significant correlation with their academic achievement (P = 0.169). Conclusions: Given the satisfaction of the students with e-learning, we could use the capacities and strengths of e-learning to ensure the quality of learning in medical education. Furthermore, these capacities could be employed to overcome the barriers and limitations of traditional education, especially during the COVID-19 pandemic.
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    Attitudes and Satisfaction of Medical Sciences Students with Electronic Exams at Birjand University of Medical Sciences
    (Brieflands, 2022-06-30) Zahra Zahedi; Hamid Salehiniya; Afagh Zarei; Hamid Abbaszadeh
    Background: Assessing student attitudes and satisfaction with electronic exams (e-exams) is crucial to evaluating e-learning. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate students' attitudes and satisfaction regarding e-exams during COVID-19. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 620 volunteer students of Birjand University of Medical Sciences (BUMS), who were selected based on random sampling method. The data collection tool was a researcher-made questionnaire with three sections of demographic information, attitude (including six dimensions and 19 questions), and satisfaction (including nine dimensions and 19 questions). A 5-point Likert scale was used for scoring, and the data were analyzed using t-test, ANOVA, and Pearson correlation coefficient at the significant level of 0.05. Results: In this study, 620 students (56% women and 44% men) participated from June to September 2020. The mean age was 21.97 ± 3.27, and the mean students' attitude and satisfaction score was 59.18 ± 7.99 and 65.73 ± 10.05, respectively. The mean attitude and satisfaction scores by gender were not significantly different. The mean attitude and satisfaction scores regarding academic semester (P-values = 0.001 and 0.019, respectively), faculty (P-values = 0.001 and 0.002, respectively) and degree (P-values < 0.001 and = 0.006, respectively) were significantly different. A positive and significant correlation was found between students' attitudes and students' satisfaction, as well as between students' age and attitudes. Conclusions: According to the results, overall attitude and satisfaction were excellent and above average. Better attitudes toward e-exams were associated with a higher satisfaction level. E-exam validity and reliability concerns should be addressed in order to improve students' attitudes.
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    Status of Knowledge Sharing Intention Among the Faculty Members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences, Iran (2019)
    (Brieflands, 2021-06-30) Mina Khosravifar; Cyrus Jalili; Farzad Jalilian; Mehdi Mirzaei-Alavijeh; Sanaz Morovati
    Background: Knowledge sharing within an organization plays a key role in developing scientific production. Objectives: The present study aimed to predict the knowledge sharing intention among the faculty members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was conducted on 154 faculty members of KUMS in the spring of 2019. Participants were selected via random sampling with a probability proportional to size. Data were collected using self-report questionnaires. Data analysis was performed in SPSS version 16 using independent t-test, one-way analysis of variance (ANOVA), bivariate correlations, and linear regression analysis at 95% significance level. Results: The most significant predictors of knowledge sharing intention were attitude (β = 0.387) and perceived behavioral control (β = 0.215). In addition, the predictive constructs of attitude, subjective norms, and perceived behavioral control constituted 25% of the variation in the outcome measure of knowledge sharing intention. Conclusions: According to the results, designing interventions focusing on the constructs of attitude and perceived behavior control could yield beneficial findings for promoting knowledge sharing among faculty members.
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    Effect of Educational Intervention on Oral Health Behaviour based on Health Belief Model in Female Secondary School Students of Paveh in 2011
    (Brieflands, 2014-01-17) Gona Bekry; Mostafa Hosseini; Hamid Reza Mozaffari; Roya Sadeghi; Morteza Rostambeigi; Mahmoud Yousefifard; Davoud Shojaeezadeh
    Introduction: Education is a powerful tool in reducing dental diseases. It is known as an essential part of oral health services. This study evaluated the impact of education on oral health behavior of students based on health belief model.
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    Comparison of Undergraduate Nursing Education in Iran and George Washington University
    (Brieflands, 2016-12-29) Rostam Jalali; Fatemeh Rigi; Naser Parizad; Zainab Amirian
    Introduction: The strategic plans of nursing are in line with training the nurses that are able to make positive changes in the caring environment and to improve the life quality of individuals, families, and community. Each country has different methods of nursing education, which are rooted in its customs and traditions. Comparing different educational systems promotes the content and quality of the curriculum. This study performed a comparative study of nursing education in Iran and George Washington University.
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    Knowledge of General Dentists and Dental Specialists in Kermanshah about Periradicular Surgery
    (Brieflands, 2014-01-17) Sarvenaz Ghafari Garakani; Kowsar Pazhouheshnia; Reza Nourbakhsh; Farshad Rahimi
    Introduction: Periradicular surgery is an appropriate treatment method for dental periradicular impairments. The present study was carried out to analyze the knowledge of general dentists and dental specialists about periradicular surgery.
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    Association between Emotional Intelligence and Objective Structured Examinations: A Study on Psychiatric Residents
    (Brieflands, 2017-07-09) Saeed Shoja Shafti
    Introduction: Emotional Intelligence (EI) is the capacity to handle one’s and the others’ feelings and reactions, and is important for achieving pleasant social interaction and success in life. The purpose of the present assessment was to explore the connection between the EI of psychiatric residents and their outcomes in objective scholastic evaluations.
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    Evaluation of the Course Syllabus and Its Comparison with Faculty Expertise in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (2017)
    (Brieflands, 2018-06-30) Keyvan Soltani; Fatemeh Rajati
    This article does not have an abstract.
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    Factors Enhancing Manpower Efficiency from the Viewpoint of Clinical and Non-clinical Faculty Members at Guilan University of Medical Sciences in 2011
    (Brieflands, 2012-12-17) Fardin Mehrabian; Rabi Farmanbar; Sakineh Keshavars Mohamadian
    Introduction: There are various factors that affect manpower efficiency. Identification of the most important and influential factors on efficiency is quite essential. Analysis of factors affecting manpower efficiency from the viewpoint of clinical and non-clinical faculty members at Guilan University of Medical Sciences in 2011.
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    Analysis of the Systematic Correlations Between the Influential Factors in Effective Teaching from the Perspective of the Faculty Members of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences Based on the Graph Theory (2019)
    (Brieflands, 2022-06-30) Mostafa Jafari; Farshad Nadri; Soodeh Shahsavari; Mahsa Jafari
    Background: University professors largely influence achieving established educational goals. Effective teaching plays a pivotal role in enhancing learning and motivation. Objectives: The present study aimed to evaluate the systematic correlations between the influential factors in effective teaching from the perspective of faculty members based on the graph theory. Methods: This descriptive-analytical study was conducted on 65 faculty members who were employed in the health and nutrition schools of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences in 2019. The participants were selected via convenience sampling, and data were collected using a questionnaire (demographic and effectiveness teaching). Data analysis was performed based on the graph theory in MATLAB software. Results: Mastery of the subject, providing new and updated content, simplicity and fluency, and the clear transfer of contents were the main influential factors in effective teaching. In addition, mastery of the subject and student evaluation in each session (midterm and end-of-term evaluation) with coordinates of “2.1 and 2.1” and “0.14 and -0.14” were identified as first and last priorities, respectively. Conclusions: According to the results, the most significant influential factor in effective learning was the mastery of the curriculum by the teacher. Therefore, it is recommended that workshops be conducted on effective teaching in universities.
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    Comparison of Research Self-efficacy of Graduate Students and the Effectiveness of their Supervisors in Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences
    (Brieflands, 2022-06-30) Elham Niromand; Seiydeh Sana Hosseini; Sayedeh Sara Hosseiny; Mohammad Rasool Khazaei
    Background: Quantitative and qualitative improvement of graduate student projects requires recognizing the problems of the target group perspective. Objectives: This study aimed to evaluate the research self-efficacy of students and the effectiveness of their research professors. Methods: This cross-sectional analytical study was conducted on all graduate students of basic sciences at the medical school by convenience method (116 people) in 2019 who were in dissertation compiling process with their supervisors. Two separate questionnaires were designed for professors and students. The data were analyzed by descriptive statistics using SPSS Software Version 16 and their relationship were examined by the Pearson correlation coefficient. Results: According to the data collected from 116 students, 65.5% were female, 69% were single, 91.4% were master's, and 8.6% were doctoral. The self-efficacy was divided into 7 areas, which was assessed based on the students' point of view. The highest score was in ethics (3.77 ± 0.9), and the lowest score was in qualitative research and statistical methods (3.01 ± 0.8). Regarding the evaluation of professors from students, self-efficacy in ethics (4.67 ± 0.66) and implementation method had the highest scores, and self-efficacy in statistics and analysis had the lowest score (3.25 ± 1.18). Pearson correlation measurements indicated that the score of the students' research method had a significant relationship with areas, including conceptualization, report writing, and translation of English texts (P < 0.05). Conclusions: Getting a good grade from students, especially high score in ethics, shows the effectiveness of the activities and the weakness in qualitative research and statistical analysis.
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    Assessment of Educational Needs for Common Diseases to Promote the Skills of Medical Students in Designing the Med ED Application
    (Brieflands, 2021-12-31) Vida Sepahi; Elham Niromand; Mohammad Rasool Khazaei
    This article does not have an abstract.
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    The Influential Factors in the Performance of Medical Students in the Clinical Competency Exam: A Qualitative Study
    (Brieflands, 2020-06-30) Atiye Faghihi
    Background: Clinical assessment in medicine is a pillar of education, which should measure the competence and practical abilities of medical students. The viewpoint of students as one of the most important stakeholders in clinical assessment could guide planners in problem-solving and proper corrective actions. Objectives: The present study aimed to investigate the influential factors in the performance of medical students in the clinical competency exam. Methods: This qualitative study was conducted using the directed content analysis approach during 2018 - 2019. The sample population included 10 medical students of internship at Isfahan University of Medical Sciences in Isfahan, Iran. The participants were selected via purposive sampling. Data were collected via semi-structured interviews. Data analysis was performed in the MAXQDA 10 software. Results: The students mentioned several influential factors in their performance on the competency exam. Their viewpoints were divided into seven categories, including content and resources, pre-exam requirements, time, cases (scenarios), stations, examiners, and the role of the clinical training course. Conclusions: Similar to other clinical exams, the clinical competency exam has some drawbacks despite its positive aspects, which may affect the performance of students. Several factors could influence the performance of students in this exam, and the contribution of these factors and their impact on the performance of students vary. Therefore, special attention should be paid to these factors to help officials and policymakers in future planning and improving the quality of these exams.
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    Internal Assessment of the Nutrition Department of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (2018)
    (Brieflands, 2021-06-30) Davood Soleimani; Mehdi Abdollahzadeh; Hadi Abdollahzad; Mostafa Nachvak; Mehnoosh Samadi
    Background: Internal assessment plays a key role in improving the quality of education. Objectives: The present study aimed to internally assess the nutrition department of Kermanshah University of Medical Sciences (KUMS), Iran. Methods: This cross-sectional study was carried out in the nutrition department of KUMS. Data were collected using the internal assessment questionnaires based on the guidelines and framework of the ministry. Results: The main factors involved in internal assessment included goals, organizational position, management and organization, faculty staff, students, and educational facilities and equipment, which had a favorable status. In addition, the educational courses, curriculum, and teaching/learning strategies had a relatively favorable status, while graduates had an unfavorable status. In general, the mean of all the internal assessment factors was considered favorable. Conclusions: Although the internal assessment indicated the favorable status of the nutrition department of KUMS, special attention should be paid to the graduates in this regard.