Effect of Desmopressin on Bleeding After Heart Surgeries: A Narrative Review

Desmopressin is an analog of the antidiuretic hormone (vasopressin), which causes anticoagulant activity by increasing plasma factor 8. The use of desmopressin dates back to 1977, when this hormone was used to prevent bleeding during tooth extraction and surgery in patients with hemophilia A and von Willebrand disease. After that, this hormone was expanded to prevent bleeding in congenital defects and conditions such as chronic kidney and liver failure. Also, this hormone is used to prevent bleeding in major surgeries such as heart surgery, where the patient loses much blood and needs a blood transfusion. Considering the importance of desmopressin in bleeding control, the present study was conducted to investigate the possible effect of this hormone in heart surgery.