Early Ultrasound Assessment of Renal Transplantation as the Valuable Biomarker of Long Lasting Graft Survival: A Cross-Sectional Study

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Background:: To date, there has been little agreement on the use of ultrasonographic parameters in predicting the long-term outcome after transplantation. This study evaluates whether ultrasonography of the graft performed in the early stage after transplantation is a valuable predictor for long-term-outcome. Objectives:: The aim of this study was to evaluate the association of ultrasonographic parameters (resistive index [RI], pulsatility index[PI], end diastolic velocity [EDV], graft length and graft parenchymal volume) measured within the first week after transplantation with 6 months graft function. Patients and Methods:: A cross-sectional study was performed on 91 (46 males and 45 females) living renal transplants between April 2011 and February 2013. All patients underwent an ultrasonography at the first week after transplantation. Intrarenal Doppler indices including RI, PI and EDV were measured at the interlobar artery level and the graft length and parenchymal volume were defined with gray scale ultrasonography. Graft function was estimated at 6months by glomerular filtration rate (GFR). Unpaired t-test and multivariate-linear and logistic regression analysis were used to estimate the relationship between ultrasonographic parameters and GFR. Results:: Fourteen patients (15.4%) had impaired graft function after 6 months (GFR less than 60 ml/min/1.73m2). Multivariate linear regression analysis showed significant correlation between GFR at 6 months and RI, PI and EDV with a P value of 0.026, 0.016 and 0.015, respectively. Logistic regression analysis showed that GFR0.7 (odds ratio=2.20, P value=0.004) and PI>1.3 (odds ratio=2.74, P value Conclusions:: In this study, kidney transplant recipients with a lower RI and PI and a higher EDV at 1week showed better graft function at 6 months after transplantation.