Evaluation of Team Teaching Method Efficiency in Postgraduate Students and Professors of Shiraz Health School, 2017

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Background: Team teaching method is an attempt to strengthen the spirit of teamwork among teachers and students as well as to expand scientific interactions between the teachers. Objectives: This study aims to evaluate team teaching method among postgraduate students and professors of the Shiraz Health School based on a scientific approach. Methods: This is a cross-sectional and descriptive-analytical study. Two modified questionnaires were designed for two groups of professors and students. Totally, 62 questionnaires were collected from different individuals with different educational backgrounds, including 21 professors and 41 students. The collected data were entered in the Excel software and data analysis was done by t-test via STATA software version 12. Results: A total of 60.98% of students believed that team teaching improves people’s spirituality and mentality. 63.41% of them agreed with the effective role of this teaching method in learning. 56.10% of students and 62.30% of professors agreed with teaching of a certain course by different professors with different specialties. Moreover, 43.25% of the professors agreed with having a fellow in teaching. 80.95% of them agreed with dividing the duties of professors according to their expertise and 80.96% of them agree with regular meetings through a course. The results indicated that there is a significant difference between two groups regarding the effects of team teaching on the relationship between teachers and students (P value = 0.04), appropriate scheduling and planning in team teaching method (P value = 0.01), and the effects of this method on better understanding of the students (P value = 0.003). Conclusions: According to the results, this teaching method can be considered as an appropriate alternative to traditional methods. With correct implementation of this educational technique, classrooms will be transformed from teacher-centered to team and interactional classrooms, and interactions between professors and students will be improved during courses.