The association between life style and impaired fasting glucose in people referred to health care settings in Ilam, ‎2012‎

Introduction: Impaired fasting glucose (IFG) is one of the most common disorders that its morbidity risk factors are different in different populations. The present study aimed to investigate the association of life style and fasting plasma glucose in Ilam County.Methods: By a case-control study, 150 IFG subjects and 450 controls using cluster sampling were investigated. Each of subjects, using a standard lifestyle questionnaire and face to face interview were investigated. Chi-square test and multivariable logistic regressions were used for the statistical analyses.Results: All subjects were intake fruits and vegetables. The frequency of ghee intake saturated oil), inactivity and smoking in IFG subjects was more than controls. Using multivariable logistic regression, ghee intake increased the risk of IFG up to 2.2 fold (OR=1.28, 95%CI: 0.75-2.2), inactivity up to 2.33 fold (OR=1.33, 95%CI: 0.75-2.33) and smoking up to 3.13 fold (OR=1.46, 95%CI: 0.68-3.13). Such differences were not statistically significant.Conclusions: An increase in risk of IFG by life style risk factors is an important finding that needs to be considered seriously by policy health makers.