Exploring the Combinational Effects of Pomegranate and Physical Activity on Health: A Rapid Review of Iranian Studies

AuthorFarnaz Sahebi
AuthorMohammad Ali Azarbayjani
AuthorSirvan Atashak
AuthorSaleh Rahmati
Issued Date2024-04-30
AbstractPomegranate, recognized as one of the most widely utilized herbal medicines, comprises three components: Pomegranate juice, seeds, and peel. Each part of the fruit contains a range of phytochemical compounds, macronutrients, and micronutrients. With a history dating back to 3000 BC, pomegranate has gained global recognition for its diverse therapeutic effects, attributed to the presence of various phytochemicals such as flavonoids (e.g., flavonols, anthocyanins, ellagitannins, and phenolic acids). These compounds contribute to the herb’s antioxidant, anti-inflammatory, anti-cancer, antibacterial, cardioprotective, and other health-promoting properties. The beneficial properties of pomegranate have captured the interest of sports physiologists, who recognize this herb as a promising substance to augment the health-promoting effects of exercise programs. A review of the SID and Google Scholar databases revealed that Iranian sports physiologists have published 25 articles investigating the combinational effects of exercise programs and pomegranate administration. The primary focus of these studies was on metabolic changes, followed by oxidative stress markers. The majority of their participants were obese women with type 2 diabetes. Collectively, these findings indicated that the combination of pomegranate consumption and physical exercises, particularly aerobic exercises, enhanced the beneficial impact of aerobic training on metabolic parameters and anti-oxidative markers. Based on these studies, it can be concluded that pomegranate extract can potentiate the health-enhancing effects of physical exercise. Therefore, it is recommended to consider utilizing pomegranate derivatives in conjunction with exercise programs to maximize their beneficial health effects.
KeywordPhysical Exercises
KeywordOxidative Stress
KeywordMetabolic Syndrome
TitleExploring the Combinational Effects of Pomegranate and Physical Activity on Health: A Rapid Review of Iranian Studies
TypeReview Article
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