Ecological Aspects of the Predominant Species of Phlebotominae Sand Flies (Diptera: Psychodidae) in Hamadan, Iran

Background: Leishmaniases are important diseases in many parts of the world, which are transmitted by bites of sand flies. Objectives: This study aimed at investigating some ecological aspects of sand flies in Hamadan. Materials and Methods: In this descriptive cross-sectional study, sand flies were collected weekly by sticky traps. Results: For this study, 3305 sand flies were collected and identified during 2013. Sand flies active season began from May till October in Hamadan. The greatest activity occurring between 08:00 pm till 12:00 pm. Conclusions: In order to avoid the possible transmission of diseases and reduction of harassments of sand flies, especially in the period of greatest activity, personal protection is recommended.